Geochemistry of Forest Rings in Northern Ontario: Identification of Ring Edge Processes in Peat and Soil

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Title: Geochemistry of Forest Rings in Northern Ontario: Identification of Ring Edge Processes in Peat and Soil
Authors: Brauneder, Kerstin M.
Date: 2012
Abstract: Forest rings are large features common in Ontario’s boreal forests that comprise circular topographic depressions in carbonate mineral soil that are filled with peat. This thesis documents differences in peat and soil chemistry along transects across the “Bean” and “Thorn North” rings, which are centered on accumulations of CH4 and H2S, respectively. Within the mineral soil, ring edges are characterized by strong negative anomalies in pH, ORP and carbonate, as well as positive anomalies of Al, Fe and Mn in the results of aqua regia and hydroxylamine-hydrochloride digestions. Within the peat, positive carbonate and pH anomalies are recorded. This antithetic relationship suggests vertical migration of carbonate species from clay to peat. An inverse relationship exists between ORP, versus redox inferred from aqua regia. Strong ORP lows occur where oxidized products show highest concentrations. This is interpreted to reflect the proliferation of autotrophic organisms occupying the strong redox gradient at the ring edge.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23205
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-3188
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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