Effects of LTD-blocking Tat-GluR2 Peptide on Contextual Fear Memory Impairments Induced by Cannabinoids

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Title: Effects of LTD-blocking Tat-GluR2 Peptide on Contextual Fear Memory Impairments Induced by Cannabinoids
Authors: Kamino, Daphne
Date: 2012
Abstract: The mechanisms underlying cannabinoid impairment of fear memory is not clear. This study investigated the effects of the synthetic cannabinoid HU210 and the endocannabinoid hydrolysis inhibitor JZL 195 on fear memory following contextual fear conditioning (CFC; an animal model of fear). The long-term depression (LTD)-blocking peptide Tat-GluR2 was utilized to investigate whether the expression of cannabinoid-induced LTD (CB-LTD) is required for the cannabinoid impairment of acquisition and consolidation of contextual fear memory. HU210 reduced freezing throughout the test phase of the acquisition protocol, which was not affected by pre-administration of Tat-GluR2. High and moderate doses of HU210 reduced freezing during the first and last half, respectively, of the test phase of the consolidation protocol, which was prevented by pre-treatment with Tat-GluR2. HU210 did not affect freezing during the test phase of the retrieval protocol. Thus, these results suggest that HU210 impairs acquisition and consolidation, but not retrieval of contextual fear memory, and that in vivo CB-LTD expression is required for HU210 impairment of the consolidation, but not acquisition, of contextual fear memory. We also observed that HU210 and JZL 195 do not facilitate the acquisition of contextual fear memory extinction.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23172
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5930
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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