Pathogenesis of 'Cronobacter' Species: Enterotoxin Production, Adhesion and Invasion of the Blood Brain Barrier

Title: Pathogenesis of 'Cronobacter' Species: Enterotoxin Production, Adhesion and Invasion of the Blood Brain Barrier
Authors: Abdesselam, Kahina
Date: 2012
Abstract: Cronobacter species cause serious infections such as meningitis and enteritis in newborns and neonates, with the major vehicle being contaminated powdered infant formula. The main objectives of this study were i) to identify potential virulence factors, such as enterotoxin production; ii) characterize the gene(s) involved in adhesion and invasion of the human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC); and iii) determine whether strains from clinical, food, and environmental sources differ in their ability to produce surface-attached bacterial aggregates, known as biofilms. Random transposon mutagenesis was used on strains demonstrating the best adherence and invasion to blood- brain barrier cell lines (BBB). Isogenic mutants were then screened for increased or decreased adherence and invasion. Screening of the transposon library identified one isogenic mutant of a clinical strain which lost the ability to adhere to BBB cells. The transposon rescue revealed the insertion site to be within a diguanylate cyclase (DGC) gene. The major function of DGC in many Gram-negative bacteria is to synthesize cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP), a secondary bacterial metabolite known for regulating biofilm formation, motility, and virulence or aspects of microbial pathogenicity. Based on the findings of this study, DGC appears to play an important role in Cronobacter species’ ability to produce biofilms and may also have a role of the pathogenicity in the microorganism.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -