Use of Systems Biology in Deciphering Mode of Action and Predicting Potentially Adverse Health Outcomes of Nanoparticle Exposure, Using Carbon Black as a Model

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Title: Use of Systems Biology in Deciphering Mode of Action and Predicting Potentially Adverse Health Outcomes of Nanoparticle Exposure, Using Carbon Black as a Model
Authors: Bourdon, Julie A.
Date: 2012
Abstract: Nanoparticles (particles less than 100 nm in at least one dimension) exhibit chemical properties that differ from their bulk counterparts. Furthermore, they exhibit increased potential for systemic toxicities due to their deposition deep within pulmonary tissue upon inhalation. Thus, standard regulatory assays alone may not always be appropriate for evaluation of their full spectrum of toxicity. Systems biology (e.g., the study of molecular processes to describe a system as a whole) has emerged as a powerful platform proposed to provide insight in potential hazard, mode of action and human disease relevance. This work makes use of systems biology to characterize carbon black nanoparticle-induced toxicities in pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tissues (i.e., liver and heart) in mice over dose and time. This includes investigations of gene expression profiles, microRNA expression profiles, tissue-specific phenotypes and plasma proteins. The data are discussed in the context of potential use in human health risk assessment. In general, the work provides an example of how toxicogenomics can be used to support human health risk assessment.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23105
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5282
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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