Role of Snx9 in the Regulation of Mitochondrial Morphology

Title: Role of Snx9 in the Regulation of Mitochondrial Morphology
Authors: Magosi, Lerato E.
Date: 2012
Abstract: Mitochondria are dynamic; they alter their shape through fission, fusion and budding of vesicles. Mitochondrial vesicles serve as a quality control mechanism enabling these organelles to rid themselves of damaged lipids and proteins. Dysregulation in mitochondrial dynamics and quality control have been linked to Parkinson’s Disease, making the identification of molecules requisite for these processes a priority. We identified the endocytic protein, Sorting nexin 9 (Snx9) through a genome wide siRNA screen for genes which substantially alter mitochondrial morphology and therefore are important for its maintenance. In this work, the role of Snx9 in mitochondrial morphology is examined. Ultrastructural imaging of mitochondria within cells silenced for Snx9 revealed unbudded vesicles along a hyperfused mitochondrial reticulum suggesting a role for Snx9 in the release of these vesicles. The vesicular profiles contained concentric membranous whorls enriched for neutral lipids. Localization studies suggest the Parkinson’s disease genes, Parkin and Vps35 localize to the unbudded profiles.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -