Computing Most Probable Sequences of State Transitions in Continuous-time Markov Systems.

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Title: Computing Most Probable Sequences of State Transitions in Continuous-time Markov Systems.
Authors: Levin, Pavel
Date: 2012
Abstract: Continuous-time Markov chains (CTMC's) form a convenient mathematical framework for analyzing random systems across many different disciplines. A specific research problem that is often of interest is to try to predict maximum probability sequences of state transitions given initial or boundary conditions. This work shows how to solve this problem exactly through an efficient dynamic programming algorithm. We demonstrate our approach through two different applications - ranking mutational pathways of HIV virus based on their probabilities, and determining the most probable failure sequences in complex fault-tolerant engineering systems. Even though CTMC's have been used extensively to realistically model many types of complex processes, it is often a standard practice to eventually simplify the model in order to perform the state evolution analysis. As we show here, simplifying approaches can lead to inaccurate and often misleading solutions. Therefore we expect our algorithm to find a wide range of applications across different domains.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/22918
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5849
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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