The Cyanotoxin Anatoxin-a: Factors Leading to its Production and Fate in Freshwaters

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Title: The Cyanotoxin Anatoxin-a: Factors Leading to its Production and Fate in Freshwaters
Authors: Gagnon, Alexis
Date: 2012
Abstract: Anatoxin-a (ANTX) is a neurotoxin produced by several freshwater cyanobacteria and has been implicated in the death of livestock and domestic animals from consumption of tainted surface waters. ANTX is unstable under normal conditions and is somewhat problematic to extract and study. Accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) was used to develop an efficient extraction and analytical method for both ANTX and the more commonly encountered hepatotoxic microcystins produced by cyanobacteria. The effects of nitrogen supply on the cellular production and release of ANTX was investigated in Aphanizomenon issatschenkoi (Ussaczew) Proschkina-Lavrenko (Nostocales). In contrast to the predictions of the carbonnutrient balance hypothesis, the maximum production was observed under moderate N stress. In addition, steady state fugacity-based models were employed to investigate ANTX’s distribution and fate in freshwater ecosytems. ANTX was not found to be very persistent in aquatic ecosystems and did not appear to bioaccumulate in fish, at least not from the dissolved phase.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20679
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6473
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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