Evaluating the Immunogenic Potential of Synthetic Influenza T-B & B-T Peptides

Title: Evaluating the Immunogenic Potential of Synthetic Influenza T-B & B-T Peptides
Authors: Samayoa, Liz
Date: 2012
Abstract: Vaccination is one of the major strategies available for combating viral infections in humans. However, currently available vaccines are not without pitfalls; they are laborious to produce, could potentially be unsafe, and in the case of the highly variable influenza virus need to be reformulated each season. The use of synthetic peptides thus represents an exciting alternative to traditional vaccines. However, these synthetic peptides are not highly immunogenic without the use of potent adjuvants. The lack of immunogenicity might be addressed by conjugation between T or B cell epitopes with universal or immunodominant T-helper epitopes. The construction of branched peptides, lipidated peptides, or designs combining both of these elements might also enhance the immunogenicity, as they might target Toll-like receptors and/or mimic the 3-dimensional structure of epitopes within the native protein. In this study, a recognized T-B peptide based on the hemagglutinin protein of the A/Puerto Rico/8/34 influenza virus was chosen as a backbone and modified to evaluate if the construction of branched peptides, lipidation, the addition of cysteine residues, or mutations could indeed alter reactivity. Screening the different designs with various antibody binding and cellular assays revealed that combining a branched design with the addition of lipid moieties leads to a greatly enhanced activity as compared to other similar T-B diepitope constructs.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20575
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -