Corticosteroidogenesis as a Target of Endocrine Disruption for the Antidepressant Fluoxetine in the Head Kidney of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

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Title: Corticosteroidogenesis as a Target of Endocrine Disruption for the Antidepressant Fluoxetine in the Head Kidney of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Authors: Stroud, Pamela A
Date: 2012
Abstract: Fluoxetine (FLX), the active ingredient of Prozac™, is a member of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of anti-depressant drugs and is present in aquatic environments worldwide. Previous studies reported that FLX is an endocrine disruptor in fish, bioconcentrating in tissues including the brain. Evidence implicates that serotonin influences the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) stress axis, thus exposure to FLX may disrupt the teleost stress response. This study examined in vitro cortisol production in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) head kidney/interrenal cells exposed to FLX and 14C-pregnenolone metabolism in head kidney microsome preparations of FLX-exposed trout. Results indicated that cells exposed in vitro to increasing concentrations of FLX had lower cortisol production and cell viability (versus control) and microsomes isolated from trout exposed to 54 μg/L FLX had higher pregnenolone metabolism versus those of control and low FLX-exposed (0.54 μg/L) trout.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20540
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5151
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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