Stimulating Nonshivering Thermogenesis in Cold Exposed Humans: Emphasis on the Action of Green Tea Extracts

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Title: Stimulating Nonshivering Thermogenesis in Cold Exposed Humans: Emphasis on the Action of Green Tea Extracts
Authors: Gosselin, Chantal
Date: 2012
Abstract: It has been demonstrated that EGCG and caffeine, naturally present in green tea, have thermogenic properties in thermoneutral conditions. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of the combined ingestion of EGCG/caffeine on thermogenic responses during a 3h mild cold exposure. Eight healthy males (22± 1 y) were exposed in a randomized, cross over, single blinded fashion to the cold (liquid conditioned suit perfused with 15°C water), after ingesting either a placebo (CON) or an extract of 1600mg of EGCG and 600mg of caffeine (EXP). Thermic, metabolic and electromyographic measurements were monitored at baseline and during cold exposure. After 180min of cold exposure, shivering intensity was significantly reduced by ~32% in EXP condition compared to CON. Area under the curve calculations for total shivering intensity was also reduced by ~21% in EXP (457±99 %MVC.min) compared to CON (361±81 %MVC.min; p=0.007). In contrast, the total area under curve of VO2 was ~25% higher in EXP (33.3±5.5 L O2) compared to CON (25.3±5.1 L O2; p=0.03). Total Heat production (Hprod) also increased by about 11% in the EXP condition (1535±112 kJ) compared to control (1372 ±106 kJ; p=0.002). The decrease in shivering activity combined with an increase in VO2 and Hprod, following the ingestion of EGCG and caffeine in the cold, indicates that nonshivering thermogenesis pathways can be significantly stimulated in adult humans.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20517
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5130
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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