Paleoproterozoic Metamorphism, Deformation and Exhumation of Mid-Crustal Rocks of the Trans-Hudson Orogen on Hall Peninsula, Baffin Island

Title: Paleoproterozoic Metamorphism, Deformation and Exhumation of Mid-Crustal Rocks of the Trans-Hudson Orogen on Hall Peninsula, Baffin Island
Authors: Skipton, Diane
Date: 2016
Abstract: In the Paleoproterozoic Trans-Hudson Orogen, a well exposed section of mid-crust on Hall Peninsula, southeastern Baffin Island, offers an opportunity to improve our understanding of mid-crustal tectonothermal processes in hot, collisional orogens. Additionally, more robust age constraints on the tectonic history of Hall Peninsula are important for plate tectonic reconstructions of the North Atlantic region. Recent mapping shows that the section comprises Archean crystalline basement overlain by Paleoproterozoic supracrustal rocks, which host felsic plutons on the western peninsula. There is a westward increase in peak metamorphic grade, from amphibolite- to granulite-facies, and three regional deformation events are recognized (D1, 2, 3). Equilibrium phase diagram modeling constrained by garnet compositions in pelite indicates peak conditions of ~720–740°C on the eastern peninsula and ~850°C further west, with pressures of ~6.25–7.35 kbar. Modeling and petrographical evidence suggest subsequent cooling, decompression, growth of retrograde biotite and, on the eastern peninsula, retrograde muscovite. In situ U-Pb monazite dating (~450 analyses) and U-Pb zircon depth profiling (~90 analyses) resolve the timing of regional metamorphism and crustal shortening between ca. 1860–1820 Ma, coincident with the accretion of crustal blocks and arc terranes during the amalgamation of the orogenic upper (Churchill) plate. Regionally-occurring ca. 1800–1750 Ma monazite domains and zircon rims are interpreted to result from fluid-assisted dissolution-reprecipitation. They likely record the terminal collision with the lower-plate Superior craton and post-orogenic thermal activity, possibly related to the emplacement of pegmatitic syenogranite dykes. The new data strengthen formerly tentative correlations with southern Baffin Island, West Greenland and northern Labrador. 40Ar/39Ar thermochronology on muscovite, biotite and phlogopite suggests that Hall Peninsula underwent slow cooling at rates of ~1–2.5ºC/Myr after peak metamorphism, remaining hotter than ~400°C until ca. 1670–1660 Ma. Analogous thermochronological ages from elsewhere in the Trans-Hudson Orogen imply orogen-wide slow cooling. Despite significant crustal thickening and elevated paleotemperatures, the Hall Peninsula crustal section does not record evidence of orogenic collapse, implying that it may not be a hallmark of all hot, thickened orogens.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -