Opposing roles for mammary epithelial-specific PPARγ signaling and activation during breast tumour progression

Title: Opposing roles for mammary epithelial-specific PPARγ signaling and activation during breast tumour progression
Authors: Apostoli, Anthony J
Roche, Jennifer M
Schneider, Mark M
SenGupta, Sandip K
Di Lena, Michael A
Rubino, Rachel E
Peterson, Nichole T
Nicol, Christopher J
Date: 2015-04-15
Abstract: Abstract Background Among women worldwide, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Improved understanding of breast tumourigenesis may facilitate the development of more effective therapies. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a transcription factor that regulates genes involved in insulin sensitivity and adipogenesis. Previously, we showed, using 7,12-dimethylbenz [a] anthracene (DMBA)-treated haploinsufficient PPARγ mice, that PPARγ suppresses breast tumour progression; however, the PPARγ expressing cell types and mechanisms involved remain to be clarified. Here, the role of PPARγ expression and activation in mammary epithelial cells (MG) with respect to DMBA-mediated breast tumourigenesis was investigated. Methods PPARγ MG knockout (PPARγ-MG KO) mice and their congenic, wild-type controls (PPARγ-WT) were treated once a week for six weeks by oral gavage with 1 mg DMBA dissolved in corn oil and maintained on a normal chow diet. At week 7, mice were randomly divided into those maintained on a normal chow diet (DMBA Only; PPARγ-WT: n = 25 and PPARγ-MG KO: n = 39) or those receiving a diet supplemented with the PPARγ ligand, rosiglitazone (ROSI, 4 mg/kg/day) (DMBA + ROSI; PPARγ-WT: n = 34 and PPARγ-MG KO: n = 17) for the duration of the 25-week study. Results Compared to DMBA Only-treated PPARγ-WTs, both breast tumour susceptibility and serum levels of proinflammatory and chemotactic cytokines, namely IL-4, eotaxin, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, and MIP-1α, were decreased among PPARγ-MG KOs. Cotreatment with ROSI significantly reduced breast tumour progression among PPARγ-WTs, correlating with increased BRCA1 and decreased VEGF and COX-2 protein expression levels in breast tumours; whereas, surprisingly DMBA + ROSI-treated PPARγ-MG KOs showed increased breast tumourigenesis, correlating with activation of COX-2. Conclusion These novel data suggest MG-specific PPARγ expression and signaling is critical during breast tumourigenesis, and may serve as a strong candidate predictive biomarker for response of breast cancer patients to the use of therapeutic strategies that include PPARγ ligands.
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12943-015-0347-8
CollectionLibre accès - Publications // Open Access - Publications