The effects of moderate hypothermia on IL-1beta and ischemia-induced cerebral inflammation in C57/Bl6 mice.

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Title: The effects of moderate hypothermia on IL-1beta and ischemia-induced cerebral inflammation in C57/Bl6 mice.
Authors: Sutcliffe, Ian.
Date: 2002
Abstract: Hypothermia has long been known to be neuroprotective following brain injury, yet the correlates of this neuroprotection are poorly understood. We postulated that moderate hypothermia would attenuate leukocyte rolling and adhesion following IL-1beta or cerebral ischemia induced inflammation. Laser Doppler was used to demonstrate successful induction of global cerebral ischemia in C57/B16 mice. ISEL, NeuN, and GFAP staining of brain sections were used to demonstrate temporal and spatial injury in this murine model of 10-minutes global cerebral ischemia. Four hours hypothermia (32°C) induced immediately following normothermic (37°C) cerebral ischemia provided protection against cell death and astrocytosis for up to 7 days post-ischemia. An open cranial window and intravital microscopy were used to visualize leukocyte rolling and adhesion in pial venules at 4-h following injection of IL-1beta, and 0 to 4-h following global cerebral ischemia. Increases in leukocyte rolling and adhesion were observed in IL-1beta injected mice. Four hours of hypothermia begun immediately following injection of IL-1beta reduced both rolling and adhesion. Similarly, increases in leukocyte rolling and adhesion were observed at 0-h and 2-h following cerebral ischemia in normothermic mice, and 2-h of post-ischemic hypothermia reduced both rolling and adhesion. In contrast, MPO and neutrophil immunohistochemistry showed that no significant infiltration of neutrophils into the brain following global cerebral ischemia. Molecular mechanisms of hypothermic effects were investigated in vitro. We showed that neither IL-1beta nor hypothermia altered the expression of CD18, or chemotaxis in human neutrophils. Together, these findings suggest that one mechanism by which hypothermia may provide neuroprotection is by reduction of leukocyte-endothelial interactions in the cerebromicrovasculature.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/6135
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-11111
CollectionTh├Ęses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010
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