Characterizing Molecular Modulators at the Intersection of Metabolism and Immunity

Title: Characterizing Molecular Modulators at the Intersection of Metabolism and Immunity
Authors: Filip, Roxana
Date: 2022-11-24
Abstract: Cellular metabolic and immune pathways can be acted upon by diverse molecular factors. Some examples include small molecules, regulatory proteins or RNAs, intermediary metabolites and hormones. These factors can also be introduced or induced by pathogens during infections. Indeed, it is known that complex interplay exists between metabolism and immunity. However, the ways in which these interactions occur, and the nature of the players are active subjects of research. Herein, three different studies are presented which investigate the roles of three distinct modulators of metabolism and/or immunity. Firstly, a natural product produced by a pathogenic fungus is shown to activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and induce the expression of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. Secondly, the modulation of lipid metabolism by an immunometabolic antiviral microRNA, microRNA-185, is deconvoluted using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP), transcriptomic and lipidomic analysis. This study also identifies a novel enzymatic target of microRNA-185 which can be targeted pharmacologically to reduce hepatitis C virus infectivity. Finally, a third study investigates the link between a poorly characterized enzyme, lysophospholipase-like 1 (LYPLAL1), and hepatic glucose metabolism using a specific activity-based probe. Overall, the work presented in this thesis makes use of various molecular and chemical biology methods to probe pathways which are acted upon by structurally diverse factors to improve our understanding of host-pathogen interactions and metabolism.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -