|dc.description.abstract||In this thesis, we explore three critical emergency logistics problems faced by healthcare and humanitarian relief service providers for short-term post-disaster management.
In the first manuscript, we investigate various integration mechanisms (fully integrated horizontal-vertical, horizontal, and vertical resource sharing mechanisms) following a natural disaster for a multi-type whole blood-derived platelets, multi-patient logistics network. The goal is to reduce the amount of shortage and wastage of multi-blood-group of platelets in the response phase of relief logistics operations. To solve the logistics model for a large scale problem, we develop a hybrid exact solution approach involving an augmented epsilon-constraint and Lagrangian relaxation algorithms and demonstrate the model's applicability for a case study of an earthquake. Due to uncertainty in the number of injuries needing multi-type blood-derived platelets, we apply a robust optimization version of the proposed model which captures the expected performance of the system. The results show that the performance of the platelets logistics network under coordinated and integrated mechanisms better control the level of shortage and wastage compared with that of a non-integrated network.
In the second manuscript, we propose a two-stage casualty evacuation model that involves routing of patients with different injury levels during wildfires. The first stage deals with field hospital selection and the second stage determines the number of patients that can be transferred to the selected hospitals or shelters via different routes of the evacuation network. The goal of this model is to reduce the evacuation response time, which ultimately increase the number of evacuated people from evacuation assembly points under limited time windows. To solve the model for large-scale problems, we develop a two-step meta-heuristic algorithm. To consider multiple sources of uncertainty, a flexible robust approach considering the worst-case and expected performance of the system simultaneously is applied to handle any realization of the uncertain parameters. The results show that the fully coordinated evacuation model in which the vehicles can freely pick up and off-board the patients at different locations and are allowed to start their next operations without being forced to return to the departure point (evacuation assembly points) outperforms the non-coordinated and non-integrated evacuation models in terms of number of evacuated patients.
In the third manuscript, we propose an integrated transportation and hospital capacity model to optimize the assignment of relevant medical resources to multi-level-injury patients in the time of a MCI. We develop a finite-horizon MDP to efficiently allocate resources and hospital capacities to injured people in a dynamic fashion under limited time horizon. We solve this model using the linear programming approach to ADP, and by developing a two-phase heuristics based on column generation algorithm. The results show better policies can be derived for allocating limited resources (i.e., vehicles) and hospital capacities to the injured people compared with the benchmark.
Each paper makes a worthwhile contribution to the humanitarian relief operations literature and can help relief and healthcare providers optimize resource and service logistics by applying the proposed integration and coordination mechanisms.|
|dc.publisher||Université d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa|
|dc.subject||Disaster Relief Operations|
|dc.subject||Markov Decision Process|
|dc.subject||Mass Casualty Incidents|
|dc.title||Integrated and Coordinated Relief Logistics Planning Under Uncertainty for Relief Logistics Operations|
|thesis.degree.discipline||Gestion / Management|
|Collection||Thèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -|