Adversarial Framework with Temperature as a Regularizer for Semantic Segmentation

Title: Adversarial Framework with Temperature as a Regularizer for Semantic Segmentation
Authors: Kim, Chanho
Date: 2022-01-14
Abstract: Semantic Segmentation processes RGB scenes and classifies pixels collectively as an object. Recent deep learning methods have shown promising results in the accuracy and the speed of semantic segmentation. However, it is inevitable for the deep learning models to fall in overfitting to data used in training due to its nature of data-centric approaches. There have been numerous Regularization methods to overcome an overfitting problem, such as data augmentation, additional loss methods such as Euclidean or Least-Square terms, and structure-related methods by adding or modifying layers like Dropout and DropConnect in a network. Among those methods, penalizing a model via an additional loss or a weight constraint does not require memory increase. With this sight, our work purposes to improve a given segmentation model through temperatures and a lightweight discriminator. Temperatures have the role of generating different versions of probability maps through the division in softmax calculations. On top of probability maps from temperatures, we concatenate a simple discriminator after the segmentation network for the competition between groundtruth feature maps and modified feature maps. We pass the additional loss calculated from those probability maps into the principal network. Our contribution consists of two parts. Firstly, we use the adversarial loss as the regularization loss in the segmentation networks and validate that it can substitute the L2 regularization loss with better validation results. Also, we apply temperatures in segmentation probability maps for providing different information without using additional convolutional layers. The experiments indicate that the spiking temperature in a generator with keeping an original probability map in a discriminator provides the model improvement in terms of pixel accuracy and mean Intersection-of-Union (mIoU). Our framework shows that the segmentation model can be improved with a small increase in training time and the number of parameters.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -