Poly(Ionic Liquid) Block Copolymer Gated Organic Thin-Film Transistors

Title: Poly(Ionic Liquid) Block Copolymer Gated Organic Thin-Film Transistors
Authors: Peltekoff, Alexander
Date: 2021-11-24
Abstract: Since the discovery of organic semiconductors (OSCs) over four decades ago, the field of organic electronics has broken our misconceptions regarding the possibilities of modern electronics. The synthetic toolkit of organic chemistry enables the creation of a limitless number of unique OSCs that can be specifically tailored and engineered with the specific and desired properties for unique applications. The rapid adoption of modern information systems, “Internet of Things,” in which smart devices and sensors ubiquitously collect and exchange data has resulted in a need for low-cost sensors to be deployed everywhere from the monitoring of food supply chains, environmental conditions, to human health. Organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) are a necessary component to support these technologies. However, their mass adoption will require reduction in cost and improved compatibility with low voltage generating printed batteries or flexible and ultrathin photovoltaics. This thesis is focused on the development of high performing solid state polymer electrolytes to be employed as the gating medium in OTFTs. The choice of conventional gating materials often leads to a tradeoff between high capacitance, operating speed and material softness. For example liquid electrolyte gating materials have high capacitance but low operating speed and are liquid at room temperature which is unacceptable for many electronics application. Polymer gating materials often have lower capacitance but fast operating conditions and solid at room temperature. In this thesis we establish structure property relationships which aid in the design of novel block copolymer-based gating materials which simultaneously enable the increase in capacitance and switching speed while remaining solid at room temperature. In the first study I established a styrene-based ionic liquid monomer can be using as a controlling monomer in the nitroxide mediated copolymerization of methacrylates. The second study then focuses on the integration of these materials into OTFT devices; the morphology (block vs random copolymers) effect on device performance is assessed. The last study builds on the findings of the previous study and further explores the structural elements of block copolymers on device performance. The work presented here outlines the development of advanced poly(ionic liquid) based solid electrolyte materials that enables both reduced operating voltages and fast switching. Finally, we establish structure-property relationships that relate the molecular architecture to OTFT device performance paving the way for the adoption of a new generation of high performing, printable and flexible electronics.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/42965
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons