AI-assisted Anomalous Event Detection for Connected Vehicles

Title: AI-assisted Anomalous Event Detection for Connected Vehicles
Authors: Taherifard, Nima
Date: 2021-06-10
Abstract: Connected vehicle networks and future autonomous driving systems call for characterization of risky driving events to improve safety applications and autonomous driving features. Precision of driving event characterization (\gls{dec}) systems in connected vehicles has become increasingly important with the responsive connectivity that is available to the modern vehicles. While risky behavior patterns entail potential safety issues on road networks, the advent of vehicular sensing and vehicular networks cannot guarantee accurate characterization of driving/movement behavior of vehicles and the precision of such systems still remains an open issue. Additionally, artificial intelligence-backed solutions are vital components towards highly accurate characterization systems in the modern transportation. However, such solutions require significant volume of driving event data for an acceptable level of performance. With this in mind, the proposal of this thesis is three-fold: 1) a reliable methodology to generate representative data under the scarcity of diverse anomalous sensory data, 2) classification of mobility/driving events of vehicles with attention-based deep learning methods, and 3) a modular prior-knowledge input method to the characterization methodologies in order to further improve the trustworthiness of the systems. Implementing the proposed steps, we are able to not only increase the consistency in the training process but also reduce the false positive detection instances compared to the previous models. One of the roadblocks against robust event characterization systems in connected vehicles that is tackled in this thesis is the scarcity of anomalous driving data to make the training of event classification models robust. To mitigate this issue an optimized deep recurrent neural network-based encoding model is introduced to extract the precise feature representation of the anomalous data. The utilization of the encoded input to the previous network allowed for a 12\% accuracy improvement. Furthermore, we introduced a framework for precise risky driving behavior detection that takes advantage of an attention-based neural networks model. Ultimately, the combination of prior knowledge modelling with our network and some optimizations to the network structure, the model outperforms the state-of-the-art solutions by reaching an average accuracy of 0.96 and F1-score of 0.92.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -