Language, Gender, and Work: Investigating Women’s Employment Outcomes in Ottawa-Gatineau’s Federal Public Service

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Title: Language, Gender, and Work: Investigating Women’s Employment Outcomes in Ottawa-Gatineau’s Federal Public Service
Authors: Bazinet, Renée
Date: 2021-01-07
Abstract: Women and men experience work differently owing to the gendered nature of work and workplaces, but there is limited insight into whether language and gender intersect to shape employment outcomes. This thesis project examines full-time employment in Ottawa-Gatineau to determine whether being French, English, or bilingual meaningfully influences employment status in the federal public service in terms of occupational attainment and employment income. A series of descriptive and inferential statistical analyses using the 2016 Canadian census are used to examine whether commuting patterns, occupational attainment, and annual employment income are significantly different across industrial sectors and between women and men, as well as between official language communities. The analysis reveals important differences in residential distribution between Anglophones and Francophones working in the federal public service as well as differences in commuting times, especially to suburban office locations. There are also important differences in occupational attainment and income attainment between women and men across official language communities, with women, especially francophone women, being more likely to occupy relatively low-pay administrative jobs in the federal public service compared to men or anglophone and bilingual women. In many ways, bilingualism in the federal public service is made real by the work of francophone women, although they are concentrated in some of the least-well paid occupations and stand to have ever more time consuming commutes as jobs are moved to suburban locations in Ottawa.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/41627
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-25849
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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