Investigation of the Mechanisms of Action of Ketamine on the Monoamine Systems: Electrophysiological Studies on the Rat Brain

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Title: Investigation of the Mechanisms of Action of Ketamine on the Monoamine Systems: Electrophysiological Studies on the Rat Brain
Authors: Iro, Chidiebere Michael
Date: 2019-12-02
Abstract: Background: A single infusion of ketamine has rapid antidepressant properties, although the drawback is a lack of sustained effect. A previous study showed a rapid enhancement (within 2 hours) in ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine (DA) neuron population and locus coeruleus (LC) norepinephrine (NE) firing and bursting activity following a single ketamine administration. The current study investigated whether these changes are present 24 hours after a single administration and if they are maintained with repeated administration. Additionally, we examined dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) serotonin (5-HT) neurons to assess the effects of single and repeated ketamine administration on these neurons. Methods: Ketamine (10 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered to male Sprague Dawley rats once or repeatedly (3 times/week) for 2 weeks. After single and repeated administration of ketamine, electrophysiological recordings were done in the VTA, LC and DRN in anesthetized rats, 24 hrs, 3 or 7 days post-administration. Spike frequency, bursting, and for VTA neurons, spontaneously active neurons/trajectory were assessed. Results: In the VTA, LC and DRN, 24 hrs after ketamine was injected acutely there was no significant difference between controls and treated animals in all parameters assessed. However, after repeated administration, there was an increase in bursting and number of spontaneously discharging neurons per tract of VTA DA neurons as well as an increase in frequency of discharge of LC NE neurons. While the increased number of spontaneously discharging neurons per tract had dissipated after 3 days, the enhanced bursting was still present but dissipated after 7 days. As for LC NE neurons, the increased frequency of discharge was no longer present after 3 days. No significant differences in the firing of DRN 5-HT neurons were observed between controls and treated animals even after ketamine was administered repeatedly. Conclusion: These results indicate that repeated but not acute administration of ketamine maintained the increase in population activity of DA neurons and firing activity of NE neurons.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/39910
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-24149
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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