Distributed Coverage Control of Multi-Agent System in Convective–Diffusive Time Evolving Environments

Title: Distributed Coverage Control of Multi-Agent System in Convective–Diffusive Time Evolving Environments
Authors: Mei, Jian
Date: 2019-09-11
Abstract: Using multi-agent systems to execute a variety of missions such as environmental monitoring and target tracking has been made possible by the advances in control techniques and computational capabilities. Communication abilities between agents allow them to coact and execute several coordinated missions, among which there is optimal coverage. The optimal coverage problem has several applications in engineering theory and practice, as for example in environmental monitoring, which belongs to the broad class of resource allocation problems, in which a finite number of mobile agents have to be deployed in a given spatial region with the assignment of a sub-region to each agents with respect to a suitable coverage metric. The coverage metric encodes the sensing performance of individual agent with respect to points inside the domain of interest, and a distribution of risk density. Usually the risk density function measures the relative importance assigned to inner regions. The optimal coverage problem in which the risk density is time-invariant has been widely studied in previous research. The solution to this class of problems is centroidal Voronoi tessellation, in which each agent is located on the centroid of the related Voronoi cell. However, there are many scenarios that require to be modelled by time-varying risk density rather than time-invariant one, as for example in area coverage problems where the environment evolves independently of the evolution for the robotic agents deployed to cover the area. In this work, the changing environment is modeled by a time-varying density function which is governed by a convection-diffusion equation. Mixed boundary conditions are considered to model a scenario in which a diffusive substance (e.g., oil from a leaking event or radioactive material from a nuclear accident) enters the area with convective component from the boundary. A non-autonomous feed- back law is employed whose generated trajectories maximize the coverage metric. The asymptotic stability of the multi-agent system is proven by using Barbalat’s lemma, and then theoretical predictions are illustrated by several simulations that represent idealized scenarios.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/39601
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -