Mobility-Oriented Data Retrieval for Computation Offloading in Vehicular Edge Computing

Title: Mobility-Oriented Data Retrieval for Computation Offloading in Vehicular Edge Computing
Authors: Soto Garcia, Victor
Date: 2019-02-21
Abstract: Vehicular edge computing (VEC) brings the cloud paradigm to the edge of the network, allowing nodes such as Roadside Units (RSUs) and On-Board Units (OBUs) in vehicles to perform services with location awareness and low delay requirements. Furthermore, it alleviates the bandwidth congestion caused by the large amount of data requests in the network. One of the major components of VEC, computation offloading, has gained increasing attention with the emergence of mobile and vehicular applications with high-computing and low-latency demands, such as Intelligent Transportation Systems and IoT-based applications. However, existing challenges need to be addressed for vehicles' resources to be used in an efficient manner. The primary challenge consists of the mobility of the vehicles, followed by intermittent or lack of connectivity. Therefore, the MPR (Mobility Prediction Retrieval) data retrieval protocol proposed in this work allows VEC to efficiently retrieve the output processed data of the offloaded application by using both vehicles and road side units as communication nodes. The developed protocol uses geo-location information of the network infrastructure and the users to accomplish an efficient data retrieval in a Vehicular Edge Computing environment. Moreover, the proposed MPR Protocol relies on both Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communication to achieve a reliable retrieval of data, giving it a higher retrieval rate than methods that use V2I or V2V only. Finally, the experiments performed show the proposed protocol to achieve a more reliable data retrieval with lower communication delay when compared to related techniques.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -