Ensuring health and environmental protection in hydraulic fracturing: A focus on British Columbia and Alberta, Canada

Description
Title: Ensuring health and environmental protection in hydraulic fracturing: A focus on British Columbia and Alberta, Canada
Authors: Larkin, Patricia
Gracie, Robert
Dusseault, Maurice
Krewski, Daniel
Date: 2018
Embargo: 2020-07-22
Abstract: Unconventional natural gas resources recovered using hydraulic fracturing (HF) is contributing to national energy self-sufficiency and could be a significant factor in the global transition to a low carbon economy. Using an integrated risk management framework, we conduct a comparative analysis of practices and review recommendations of a regulatory, economic, advisory, community-based, or technological nature for British Columbia and Alberta, Canada. Lessons learned from international assessments of risk issues are also considered. Overall, there is much less emphasis on potential impacts on human health than on the environment. The analysis also identifies a need for a strong and adequately resourced regulatory framework that works in concert with enhanced technological requirements; evidence-based emissions standards; regulated and/or community-based setbacks and buffer zones; operational surveillance, reporting, and disclosure of value-chain activities in an accessible and transparent way; community participation in the development of these mechanisms; and provision for legacy sites. Economic options such as performance-based taxes and fees, industry-funded studies, the role of carbon taxes, and cost allocations to protect or improve determinants of health are the least advanced option. This analysis provides support for the development of a risk management policy agenda with respect to broad and persistent HF risk management issues.
URL: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1Y4Di,oMyQDWIp
http://hdl.handle.net/10393/38460
DOI: 10.1016/j.exis.2018.07.006
CollectionSciences de la terre // Earth Sciences
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Larkin et al. Risk management in hydraulic fracturing.pdfThis is an accepted manuscript version of the article “Ensuring health and environmental protection in hydraulic fracturing: A focus on British Columbia and Alberta, Canada” published in The Extractive Industries and Society, Volume 5, Issue 4, November 2018, Pages 581-595. DOI: 10.1016/j.exis.2018.07.006689.76 kBAdobe PDF   Restricted