Downstream flow and upstream movement determine the value of a stream reach for potadromous fish populations

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Title: Downstream flow and upstream movement determine the value of a stream reach for potadromous fish populations
Authors: Samia, Yasmine
Lutscher, Frithjof
Date: 2016
Abstract: Given that human activities often have negative impacts on biological populations, a common question is to find the location of greatest positive or least negative impact. Local habitat suitability is frequently used to evaluate viability of fish populations in river networks. Upper stream reaches are often undervalued, in particular when they are not navigable or do not contain commercially interesting fish. Since water flow transports certain local conditions downstream and individuals navigate river networks upstream and downstream, impacts of local perturbations can manifest elsewhere in the system, and overall effects of disturbances should be assessed on a network level. We study a model for a potadromous fish population in a system of connected stream reaches. We consider different geometries to evaluate how downstream transport and individual movement interact to determine the location of greatest and least impact of a single or two concurrent disturbances. Our results show how upper stream reaches can be highly significant for population persistence if downstream transport of abiotic conditions or upstream movement of individuals is strong.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/37790
DOI: 10.1007/s12080-016-0306-z
CollectionMathématiques et statistiques // Mathematics and Statistics
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