Does carbon tax analysis consider motivation and household level behavioural change? Evaluation based on definitions from MCT and SDT.

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Title: Does carbon tax analysis consider motivation and household level behavioural change? Evaluation based on definitions from MCT and SDT.
Authors: Holland, Vanessa
Date: 2016-08-01
Abstract: This study seeks to examine how motivational processes derived from economic and psychological theory could explain the effect of carbon taxes on pro-environmental behavioural change. In order to achieve this goal, the following paper will outline two prominent theories, motivational crowding theory (MCT) and self-determination theory (SDT), and comment on current carbon tax analysis seeing whether or not definitions used from either field are applied in practice. Four countries and one province with established carbon taxes were selected and carbon tax analysis was scored based on a classification criterion developed from an extensive, narrative literature review. The main conclusions from this research is that few studies include or comment on individual level behavioural change following the implementation of a carbon tax, and when they do, applied definitions are more closely aligned with economics. Pro-environmental behavioural change is believed to be of crucial importance in order to combat the current environmental issues that are facing our world. For this reason, it is important that the new policies being adopted are ensuring that processes consistent with self-determined motivation (in opposition to externally regulated or controlled motivation) are being supported in order to achieve lasting behavioural change. Analyses of these policies should not only include aspects of motivation, but they should incorporate definitions and tools from both fields in order to have a more thorough approach.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/36894
CollectionInstitut de l’environnement - mémoires // Institute of the Environment - Research Papers
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