Plasmon-Mediated Photothermal Phenomena and Nanofabrication of Applicable Devices

Title: Plasmon-Mediated Photothermal Phenomena and Nanofabrication of Applicable Devices
Authors: Marquez Soto, Daniela Trinidad
Date: 2017
Abstract: This thesis studies the different ways in which the localized plasmon heating effect of gold nanostructures -activated by plasmon excitation via visible and/or NIR irradiation- can be used to obtain different outcomes following the nanofabrication of applicable devices. Both spatial and temporal control were obtained for each one of the systems developed upon the incorporation of plasmonic gold nanostructures. Spatial control was enabled in hybrid mesoporous drug delivery systems fabricated in this thesis through the localized surface plasmon heating effect that allowed the modification of the dynamics of diffusion of the cargo being delivered, thus giving rise to different rates of release that can be controlled by plasmon excitation. At the same time, the plasmon heating effect proved to be capable of controlling the start of the release by dismantling thermo-responsive gates previously incorporated, thus enabling also a wavelength-controlled feature that enhances the versatility of these systems. Spatial control was also conferred to the photo-patterning applications presented in this dissertation by influencing the degree of motility of gold nanorods (AuNRs) embedded in polymer matrices allowing them to self-assemble when the longitudinal plasmon of the incorporated nanostructures was excited; the patterns generated were quite robust and persisted for extended periods of time. Finally, the feature of spatial heating control was also conferred to catalysis. The Friedel-Crafts alkylation of anisole by benzyl chloride using spherical gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) supported on Nb2O5-based catalysts was performed at bulk temperatures below those necessary for the reaction to occur when using bare or modified Nb2O5; this was the result of the combination of bulk and localized plasmon heating produced -both- via plasmon excitation. This also demonstrates the possibility of using plasmon excitation as an alternative heat source in this type of reactions. By combining the plasmonic properties of metallic nanostructures with those granted by mesoporous materials, polymer matrices and Nb2O5-based materials it was possible to obtain light-activated systems endowed also with temporal control and wavelength control while preserving the original properties of each systems' components. Overall, the content of this thesis describes in detail the practical aspects of combining gold nanostructures with different materials and the rationale behind the development of systems with customized and controllable properties.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -