Bridging Roles of Active Labor Market Programs and Vietnam Labor Market Policies

Title: Bridging Roles of Active Labor Market Programs and Vietnam Labor Market Policies
Authors: Vo, Thien-An
Date: 2017-02-10
Abstract: In the labor market, ALMP works as an instrument to foster labor supply through training, to leverage labor demand through public works or subsidies, and to strengthen the role of the labor market through employment services (World Bank, 2006). This essay reviews domestic and international literature, seeking to understand the definition, the objectives, and functions of active labor market programs (ALMP) and their effectiveness in developed and developing countries. It is followed by a brief overview of Vietnam economic development, labor force characteristics and labor market outcomes. It then further investigates labor market challenges, the role of ALMP for unemployed workers, vulnerable and disadvantaged groups such as youth, women, disabilities and minorities in Vietnam. Based on these findings and analyses, the paper will recommend three policy options for full and productive employment and strengthening the employability and ability of unemployed, underemployed and vulnerable labors to be selfsufficient and improve earnings through employment. Firstly, it suggests the reform of labor market institution and market information system. Secondly, it recommends employment creation policy through non-farm production in rural areas, SME development and informal sector employment, in enterprise development and driving productivity growth. Finally, it suggests further research on labor productivity through labor allocation across sectors and establishments; and through education, training and skills requirements.
CollectionAffaires publiques et internationales - Mémoires // Public and International Affairs - Research Papers