Are contraceptives causing the bedroom blues? The effect of contraceptive implants on sexual desire in women

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Title: Are contraceptives causing the bedroom blues? The effect of contraceptive implants on sexual desire in women
Authors: Armstrong, Katrina
Tessier, Zoë
Date: 2016-11-26
Abstract: Background: In the United States, an estimated 51% of pregnancies are unwanted (Sanders et. al., 2014). High rates of unwanted pregnancy can be reduced by the use of various contraceptives. Hormonal contraceptives are a popular choice among fertile women and have been shown to effectively prevent pregnancy. Contraceptive implants are a type of progestogen-only birth control. The implant is a single rod that is inserted subdermally into the upper arm. It has 68 mg of active compound and is effective in preventing pregnancy for up to 3 years (Gezginc et. al., 2007). Objective: Examine if contraceptive implants decrease a woman’s sexual desire via a literature review. Methods: A structured literature review was conducted. Articles related to the effect of implant contraceptives on sexual libido were considered. Scopus, Medline, and PubMed were used to find related literature. Peer reviewed studies containing one or more of the keywords: contraceptive drug implants, sexual dysfunction, libido or sexual behaviour were included in the review. Animal studies, non-English studies, studies on menopausal women, and studies on endometriosis and gynaecological cancers were excluded. Results: Six articles that met the criteria were selected. The degree of the relationship between use of an implant and decreased sexual libido varied between studies. A general decrease in sexual libido was reported. Conclusion: The evidence demonstrated a decrease in sexual desire with the use of contraceptive implants. Further research excluding other side effects and focusing only on libido is needed to further explore causative effects.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35567
CollectionSciences de la santé - Affiches // Health Sciences - Research Posters
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