Comparative effectiveness of immunosuppressive drugs and corticosteroids for lupus nephritis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.authorSingh, Jasvinder A
dc.contributor.authorHossain, Alomgir
dc.contributor.authorKotb, Ahmed
dc.contributor.authorWells, George A
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-21T16:18:29Z
dc.date.available2016-11-21T16:18:29Z
dc.date.issued2016-09-13
dc.identifier.citationSystematic Reviews. 2016 Sep 13;5(1):155
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0328-z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10393/35451
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background There is a lack of high-quality meta-analyses and network meta-analyses of immunosuppressive drugs for lupus nephritis. Our objective was to assess the comparative benefits and harms of immunosuppressive drugs and corticosteroids in lupus nephritis. Methods We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) of trials of immunosuppressive drugs and corticosteroids in patients with lupus nephritis. We calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95 % credible intervals (CrI). Results Sixty-five studies that met inclusion and exclusion criteria; data were analyzed for renal remission/response (37 trials; 2697 patients), renal relapse/flare (13 studies; 1108 patients), amenorrhea/ovarian failure (eight trials; 839 patients) and cytopenia (16 trials; 2257 patients). Cyclophosphamide [CYC] low dose (LD) and CYC high-dose (HD) were less likely than mycophenolate mofetil [MMF] and azathioprine [AZA], CYC LD, CYC HD and plasmapharesis less likely than cyclosporine [CSA] to achieve renal remission/response. Tacrolimus [TAC] was more likely than CYC LD to achieve renal remission/response. MMF and CYC were associated with a lower odds of renal relapse/flare compared to PRED and MMF was associated with a lower rate of renal relapse/flare than AZA. CYC was more likely than MMF and PRED to be associated with amenorrhea/ovarian failure. Compared to MMF, CYC, AZA, CYC LD, and CYC HD were associated with a higher risk of cytopenia. Conclusions In this systematic review and NMA, we found important differences between immunosuppressives used for the treatment of lupus nephritis. Patients and physicians can use this information for detailed informed consent in a patient-centered approach. Study limitations of between-study clinical heterogeneity and small sample size with type II error must be considered when interpreting these findings. Systematic review registration PROSPERO: CRD42016032965
dc.titleComparative effectiveness of immunosuppressive drugs and corticosteroids for lupus nephritis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.date.updated2016-11-21T16:18:30Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s).
CollectionLibre accès - Publications // Open Access - Publications

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