Probiotics: Prevention of Severe Pneumonia and Endotracheal Colonization Trial—PROSPECT: a pilot trial

Title: Probiotics: Prevention of Severe Pneumonia and Endotracheal Colonization Trial—PROSPECT: a pilot trial
Authors: Cook, Deborah J
Johnstone, Jennie
Marshall, John C
Lauzier, Francois
Thabane, Lehana
Mehta, Sangeeta
Dodek, Peter M
McIntyre, Lauralyn
Pagliarello, Joe
Henderson, William
Taylor, Robert W
Cartin-Ceba, Rodrigo
Golan, Eyal
Herridge, Margaret
Wood, Gordon
Ovakim, Daniel
Karachi, Tim
Surette, Michael G
Bowdish, Dawn M E
Lamarche, Daphnee
Verschoor, Chris P
Duan, Erick H
Heels-Ansdell, Diane
Arabi, Yaseen
Meade, Maureen
Date: 2016-08-02
Abstract: Abstract Background Probiotics are live microorganisms that may confer health benefits when ingested. Randomized trials suggest that probiotics significantly decrease the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and the overall incidence of infection in critically ill patients. However, these studies are small, largely single-center, and at risk of bias. The aim of the PROSPECT pilot trial was to determine the feasibility of conducting a larger trial of probiotics to prevent VAP in mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods In a randomized blinded trial, patients expected to be mechanically ventilated for ≥72 hours were allocated to receive either 1 × 1010 colony-forming units of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG or placebo, twice daily. Patients were excluded if they were at increased risk of L. rhamnosus GG infection or had contraindications to enteral medication. Feasibility objectives were: (1) timely recruitment; (2) maximal protocol adherence; (3) minimal contamination; and (4) estimated VAP rate ≥10 %. We also measured other infections, diarrhea, ICU and hospital length of stay, and mortality. Results Overall, in 14 centers in Canada and the USA, all feasibility goals were met: (1) 150 patients were randomized in 1 year; (2) protocol adherence was 97 %; (3) no patients received open-label probiotics; and (4) the VAP rate was 19 %. Other infections included: bloodstream infection (19.3 %), urinary tract infections (12.7 %), and skin and soft tissue infections (4.0 %). Diarrhea, defined as Bristol type 6 or 7 stools, occurred in 133 (88.7 %) of patients, the median length of stay in ICU was 12 days (quartile 1 to quartile 3, 7–18 days), and in hospital was 26 days (quartile 1 to quartile 3, 14–44 days); 23 patients (15.3 %) died in the ICU. Conclusions The PROSPECT pilot trial supports the feasibility of a larger trial to investigate the effect of L. rhamnosus GG on VAP and other nosocomial infections in critically ill patients. Trial registration NCT01782755 . Registered on 29 January 2013.
CollectionLibre accès - Publications // Open Access - Publications