CDX2 Regulates Gene Expression Through Recruitment of BRG1-Associated SWI/SNF Chromatin Remodeling Activity

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Title: CDX2 Regulates Gene Expression Through Recruitment of BRG1-Associated SWI/SNF Chromatin Remodeling Activity
Authors: Nguyen, Thinh
Date: 2016
Abstract: The packaging of genomic DNA into nucleosomes creates a barrier to transcription which can be relieved through ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling via complexes such as the switch/sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complex. The SWI/SNF complex remodels chromatin via conformational or positional changes of nucleosomes, thereby altering the access of transcriptional machinery to target genes. The SWI/SNF complex does not possess intrinsic DNA binding ability, and therefore its recruitment to target loci requires interaction with DNA-associated transcription factors. The Cdx family of homeodomain transcription factors (Cdx1, Cdx2 and Cdx4) are essential for a number of developmental programs in the mouse. Cdx1 and Cdx2 also regulate intestinal homeostasis throughout life. Although a number of Cdx target genes have been identified, the basis by which Cdx members impact their transcription is poorly understood. We have found that Cdx members interact with the SWI/SNF complex and make direct contact with Brg1, a catalytic member of SWI/SNF. Both Cdx2 and Brg1 co-occupy a number of Cdx target genes, and both factors are necessary for transcriptional regulation of such targets. Finally, Cdx2 and Brg1 occupancy occurs coincident with chromatin remodeling at certain of these loci. Taken together, our findings suggest that Cdx transcription factors regulate target gene expression, in part, through recruitment of Brg1-associated SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling activity.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35377
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-335
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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