Transmission of Human Papillomavirus Without Sexual Contact

Description
Title: Transmission of Human Papillomavirus Without Sexual Contact
Authors: Tavassol, Panteha
Ahmed, Naweed
Kayani, Wakqas
Jamshidi, Sahab
Bapat, Suneil
Imamovic, Ahmed
Date: 2016-11-01
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. There are four common HPV strains: 6, 11, 16, and 18. Strains 6 and 11 cause genital warts, while strains 16 and 18 are asymptomatic in males and may progress to cervical cancer in females. Although uncommon, a small percentage of males and females have been diagnosed with HPV without previous sexual contact. In this case report, we discuss a case conducted on a 15-year-old South Asian male who contracted an unknown low-risk strain of HPV with no history of sexual contact. HPV is highly infectious, however in the majority of cases the immune system is able to clear the infection, preventing the appearance of genital warts. In cases such as these, it is important to help control the spread of viral infections. Several determinants of health are involved in and affect the transmission of HPV, including income and social status, social support networks, education and literacy, culture, social and physical environments, and health services. To aid in the prevention of HPV, sexual education should be taught at early ages within schools and the Gardasil® vaccine should be administered to both females and males at an early age to reduce the burden of disease and the incidence of HPV.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35361
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18192/riss-ijhs.v6i1.1346
CollectionRevue interdisciplinaire des sciences de la santé // Interdisciplinary Journal of Health Sciences
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