The Determinants of Parental Child Care Time in Canada

Title: The Determinants of Parental Child Care Time in Canada
Authors: Xue, Lingli
Date: 2016-08
Abstract: Parental care affects whether a child can grow up healthily both physically and psychologically. More and more Canadian parents realize the importance of the time devoted to child care. Using data from the 2006 Census and the 2005 General Social Survey (GSS), this paper analyzes the determinants of the time parents spend looking after children in Canada. The results with the 2006 Census are consistent with those with the 2005 GSS. The characteristics of the parents, such as gender, education level, parental type, working status, immigration status, minority status, and place of residence, as well as the characteristics of children, such as their ages and numbers, all play important roles in determining the time people spend on children rearing. The results show that mothers still spend more time looking after children than fathers, highly-educated parents spend more time than those who are lowly-educated, and immigrants spend less time than non-immigrants. With respect to children’s characteristics, the parental child care time is positively related to the number of children in the household, and negatively related to children’s age.
CollectionÉconomie - Mémoires // Economics - Research Papers