The Pharmacologic Prophylaxis of Pediatric Migraine: A Systematic Review, Survey and Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial

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dc.contributor.authorOrr, Serena
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-01T18:33:13Z
dc.date.available2016-09-01T18:33:13Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10393/35109
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5319
dc.description.abstractObjectives: 1) To describe the state of the evidence for interventions in pediatric migraine, 2) to survey experts regarding non-inferiority margins in migraine research and 3) to design a clinical trial in this area of research. Methods: A systematic review was carried out to identify randomized, placebo-controlled trials of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical interventions used to prevent migraine in children and adolescents, using Cochrane methods. Secondly, neurologists with expertise in Headache Medicine were invited to participate in a survey regarding their opinions on non-inferiority margins for outcomes used in clinical trials of migraine interventions. Thirdly, a protocol was written for a three-arm, parallel-group, randomized trial comparing the efficacy and safety of topiramate, levetiracetam and placebo for the prophylaxis of pediatric migraine. Results: The systematic review identified 19 articles of 12 interventions for pediatric migraine. The quality of the evidence was poor and few conclusions could be made. Ninety-nine eligible respondents completed the survey and non-inferiority margins for six outcomes were determined. A randomized controlled trial protocol was developed to determine if topiramate and levetiracetam are superior to placebo, and if levetiracetam is non-inferior to topiramate for the prevention of migraines in children and adolescents. Conclusions: It is hoped that the results of this thesis can be applied to further the evidence in this area of clinical research.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectMigraine
dc.subjectPediatric Neurology
dc.subjectHeadache
dc.subjectTreatment
dc.subjectPharmaceutical
dc.subjectNutraceutical
dc.titleThe Pharmacologic Prophylaxis of Pediatric Migraine: A Systematic Review, Survey and Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial
dc.typeThesis
dc.contributor.supervisorDowlatshahi, Dariush
dc.contributor.supervisorRamsay, Timothy
thesis.degree.nameMSc
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.disciplineMédecine / Medicine
uottawa.departmentÉpidémiologie et médecine sociale / Epidemiology and Community Medicine
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

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