3D Numerical Modelling of Secondary Current in Shallow River Bends and Confluences

dc.contributor.authorShaheed, Rawaa
dc.description.abstractSecondary currents are one of the important features that characterize flow in river bends and confluences. Fluid particles follow a helical path instead of moving nearly parallel to the axis of the channel. The local imbalance between the vertically varying centrifugal force and the cross-stream pressure gradient results in generating the secondary flow and raising a typical motion of the helical flow. A number of studies, including experimental or mathematical, have been conducted to examine flow characteristics in curved open channels, river meanders, or confluences. In this research, the influence of secondary currents is studied on the elevation of water surface and the hydraulic structures in channel bends and confluences by employing a 3D OpenFOAM numerical model. The research implements the 3D OpenFOAM numerical model to simulate the horizontal distribution of the flow in curved rivers. In addition, the progress in unraveling and understanding the bend dynamics is considered. The finite volume method in (OpenFOAM) software is used to simulate and examine the behavior of secondary current in channel bends and confluences. Thereafter, a comparison between the experimental data and a numerical model is conducted. Two sets of experimental data are used; the data provided by Rozovskii (1961) for sharply curved channel, and the dataset provided by Shumate (1998) for confluent channel. Two solvers in (OpenFOAM) software were selected to solve the problem regarding the experiment; InterFoam and PisoFoam. The InterFoam is a transient solver for incompressible flow that is used with open channel flow and Free Surface Model. The PisoFoam is a transient solver for incompressible flow that is used with closed channel flow and Rigid-Lid Model. Various turbulence models (i.e. Standard k-ε, Realizable k-ε, LRR, and LES) are applied in the numerical model to assess the accuracy of turbulence models in predicting the behaviour of the flow in channel bends and confluences. The accuracies of various turbulence models are examined and discussed.
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectSecondary Flow
dc.subjectFree Surface Model
dc.subjectRigid-Lid Model
dc.subjectstandard k-ε
dc.subjectrealizable k-ε
dc.title3D Numerical Modelling of Secondary Current in Shallow River Bends and Confluences
dc.contributor.supervisorMohammadian, Majid
thesis.degree.disciplineGénie / Engineering
uottawa.departmentGénie civil / Civil Engineering
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -