A Behavioral and Electrophysiological Investigation of the Effect of Bilingualism on Lexical Ambiguity Resolution in Young Adults

FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorKousaie, Shanna
dc.contributor.authorLaliberté, Christianne
dc.contributor.authorLópez Zunini, Rocío
dc.contributor.authorTaler, Vanessa
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-17T17:53:04Z
dc.date.available2016-04-17T17:53:04Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Human Neuroscience 9
dc.identifier.issn1662-5161
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10393/34521
dc.description.abstractPrevious research suggests that bilinguals demonstrate superior cognitive control processes than monolinguals. The goal of the current investigation was to examine whether this "bilingual advantage" is observed in a language processing task that requires inhibition, i.e., lexical ambiguity processing. Monolingual and bilingual participants read sentences that biased the reading of a terminal homonym toward the subordinate or dominant reading (e.g., The doctor asked her to step onto the scale.). A relatedness judgment was made on target words that were related to the contextually appropriate (e.g., balance) or inappropriate meaning (e.g., skin), or unrelated to either meaning (e.g., shoe) while electrophysiological recording took place. The results revealed subtle processing differences between monolinguals and bilinguals that were evident in electrophysiological measures, but not in behavioral measures. These findings suggest that monolinguals rely on context to access the contextually appropriate meaning of a homonym to a greater extent than bilinguals, while bilinguals demonstrate simultaneous activation of both meanings.
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectN400
dc.subjectbilingualism
dc.subjectevent-related brain potentials (ERPs)
dc.subjecthomonyms
dc.subjectlexical ambiguity processing
dc.titleA Behavioral and Electrophysiological Investigation of the Effect of Bilingualism on Lexical Ambiguity Resolution in Young Adults
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fnhum.2015.00682
CollectionPublications en libre accès financées par uOttawa // uOttawa financed open access publications

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