HIV infection of thymocytes inhibits IL-7 activity without altering CD127 expression

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Title: HIV infection of thymocytes inhibits IL-7 activity without altering CD127 expression
Authors: Young, Charlene D
Angel, Jonathan B
Date: 2011-09-16
Abstract: Abstract Background Thymic function is altered in HIV infection and characterized by dysregulation of the thymic epithelial network, reduced thymic output and ultimately an impaired naïve T-cell pool. The IL-7/IL-7 receptor (IL-7R) signalling pathway is critical for the maturation and differentiation of thymocytes. HIV infection is associated with a decrease in IL-7Rα (CD127) expression and impaired CD127 signalling in circulating CD8+ T-cells; however, little is known about the effect of HIV on CD127 expression and IL-7 activity in the thymus. Therefore, the effect of in vitro HIV infection on CD127 expression and IL-7-mediated function in thymocytes was investigated. Findings In vitro HIV infection of thymocytes did not affect CD127 expression on either total thymocytes or on single positive CD4 or single positive CD8 subsets. However, HIV infection resulted in a decrease in the level of IL-7-induced STAT-5 phosphorylation and Bcl-2 expression in unfractionated thymocytes. Conclusion These findings indicate that HIV infection alters IL-7 responsiveness of thymocytes by a mechanism other than CD127 downregulation and potentially explain the disruption in thymopoiesis observed in HIV infection.
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-8-72
http://hdl.handle.net/10393/33746
CollectionLibre accès - Publications // Open Access - Publications
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