|Abstract: ||Many scholars have given a prominence and importance to the role played by Social media in Arab Spring. The purpose of this research, A Case Study of Tunisia, is to identify and discuss the causes (other than the usage of social media) of the Tunisian revolution (December 2010 – January 2011) mainly through an analysis of the social, economic and political conditions in Tunisia in the pre-revolutionary period. Given Tunisia’s human development index (HDI) showing positive movements towards socio-economic growth and stability, this paper explores the indicators of economic and social well-being that are not included in the HDI: the state of unemployment, the nature of the political regime, the state of corruption, the state of rule of law and order, and the state of freedom of thoughts and expression.
The study methodology consisted of collecting and analyzing statistics from the UNDP, World Bank, Amnesty International, and other official web sites. Secondary scholarly sources were also used to better understand and analyze economic, social and governance issues in Tunisia before and during the Arab Spring.
This study concluded that the main reasons for the Tunisian uprising, beyond the role played by social media and regardless of the HDI statistics of increasing social and economic stability, are: unemployment, the imbalances in regional development, the lack of opportunities for educated young people, corruption, autocratic and dictatorial rule, and lack of freedom of expression.|