What is the association between obesity and the risk of suicide attempts and injuries in the Canadian and American female Population?
|Title:||What is the association between obesity and the risk of suicide attempts and injuries in the Canadian and American female Population?|
|Abstract:||Background: Obesity is a significant problem for many developed and developing countries. Estimates indicate that 15% of the Canadian population and 30% of the United States population are obese. Previous studies have shown Body Mass Index (BMI) may be associated with either an increased or decreased risk of suicide attempts and injuries. Objective: We performed a structured literature review examining the association between obesity and the risk of suicide attempts and injuries in the Canadian and American female population. Methods: The following search "(suicid*) AND ((BMI) OR (obesity) OR (body mass) OR (overweight))", was made in PubMed providing 689 results. After applying limitations, inclusion and exclusion criteria, 8 relevant studies were identified and analysed. Results: Four article suggested no association between obesity and suicide attempts. Two articles suggest there may be a positive association between obesity and mental disorders that leads to the risk of suicide. The two remaining articles suggest that the risk of death from suicide is inversely related to BMI. Conclusion: Although the majority of findings conclude a positive association between obesity and the risk of suicide, there are few studies examining this relationship within the female population and contradictory conclusions of an inverse relationship are present in some of these studies. It is suggested that further research should be done.|
|Collection||Sciences de la santé - Affiches // Health Sciences - Research Posters|