The Economic Outcomes of Government Assisted Refugees, Privately Sponsored Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Canada

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Title: The Economic Outcomes of Government Assisted Refugees, Privately Sponsored Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Canada
Authors: Dhital, Dikshya
Date: 2015-04-20
Abstract: In Canada, there is a growing debate that revolves around the fiscal burden that immigrants including refugees impose on the government. A number of studies have been carried out to understand the earning patterns of immigrants of different categories in Canada. Although, most studies soundly identify refugees as one of the lowest earners, they do not explain the earning patterns based on refugee categories. From a policy development perspective, value can be added to examine the earnings by categories of refugees. This paper fills this gap by carrying out an income analysis of three categories of refugees. The three categories of refugees being: Government Assisted Refugees (GARs); Privately Sponsored Refugees (PSRs); and Landed in Canada asylum seekers (LCRs). Descriptive analysis is carried out from a table that is derived from the Canadian Immigration Database (IMDB). This study looks at refugees that landed in the year 1991, assessing median income starting 1992. Given that the data is available until the year 2009, the total number of years analysed is 18. The major findings are as follows: among the three categories of refugees, both male and female PSRs did much better than LCRs and GARs. On the other hand LCRs did as well as GARs, although LCRs received far less support from the government than GARs. Higher educated refugees had superior income than uneducated refugees although they started out in the same income bracket. Although all the refugees were negatively affected during a time of economic slowdown, uneducated male GARs and female GARs and LCRs were most severely impacted.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/32311
CollectionAffaires publiques et internationales - Mémoires // Public and International Affairs - Research Papers
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