Examining How Specific Involvement Opportunities Influence the Sport Commitment Type of Masters Swimmers: Differences in Number, Strength, and Direction of Associations to Functional and Obligatory Commitment

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dc.contributor.authorBennett, Angela
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-05T13:48:58Z
dc.date.available2014-12-05T13:48:58Z
dc.date.created2014
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10393/31861
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6760
dc.description.abstractThis thesis aimed to: (a) design a factorially valid survey to assess sub-themes relating to ‘involvement opportunities’ (IOs), which are an antecedent variable in the sport commitment model (Wilson et al., 2004); (b) examine the placement of enjoyment alongside IOs in the sport commitment model; (c) determine the pathways (i.e., direct and/or indirect) by which specific IOs sub-themes affect functional and obligatory commitment and if they differ in number, strength and direction of association (Choosakul et al., 2009); and (d) examine differences between recent initiates compared to those who have been more continuously involved (Chu & Wang, 2012) in Masters swimming. Based on exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of survey data from 725 swimmers (260 males, 465 females, M age = 50.5, range = 25-92), results confirmed a 10 factor solution of IOs sub-themes. Structural equation modeling demonstrated that the number, direction, and strength of associations between specific IOs sub-themes and commitment vary depending on commitment type, as do the nature of direct and indirect pathways affecting commitment. Invariance testing showed recent initiates and continuously-involved swimmers to be invariant across measurement and structural models. Overall, results support the need to measure and assess IOs at the level of the sub-theme and to consider a bi-dimensional (Santi et al., 2014; Wilson et al., 2004) sport commitment model.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectSport Commitment
dc.subjectInvolvement Opportunities
dc.subjectMasters Athletes
dc.subjectSub-themes
dc.subjectStructural Model Testing
dc.subjectFactor Analysis
dc.subjectMasters Swimming
dc.subjectMasters Swimmers
dc.titleExamining How Specific Involvement Opportunities Influence the Sport Commitment Type of Masters Swimmers: Differences in Number, Strength, and Direction of Associations to Functional and Obligatory Commitment
dc.typeThesis
dc.faculty.departmentSciences de l'activité physique / Human Kinetics
dc.contributor.supervisorYoung, Bradley
dc.degree.nameMA
dc.degree.levelmasters
dc.degree.disciplineSciences de la santé / Health Sciences
thesis.degree.nameMA
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.disciplineSciences de la santé / Health Sciences
uottawa.departmentSciences de l'activité physique / Human Kinetics
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

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