|Abstract: ||Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have been a source of controversy over the last decade for their role in killing suspected militants in the Middle East and Northern Africa. However, they are also making headlines for their commercial applications in various civilian industries. Regardless of how they have been utilized, UAS technology is proliferating rapidly across the globe and it is being extensively developed by democratic and non-democratic nations alike. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the outgrowth of military and commercial UAS in Canada, their ideal use for its democratic military as well as its commercial industry growth. The first half of the paper will illustrate the history of unmanned vehicles and their evolution into the systems we know today. Adding to this, the author will illustrate what military UAS entail as well as their current uses in the Canadian armed forces. Further, it will be explained how UAS are well-suited to western militaries for use in their asymmetric democratic wars of choice. The second half of the article will focus on UAS in the commercial industry with a specific focus on the Canadian context. Current federal regulations that govern the use of UAS as well as the regulatory challenges surrounding them will be highlighted in order to emphasize how clear federal regulations can facilitate the industry‘s growth. Further, this paper will detail the various key commercial sectors of the Canadian economy where UAS can be beneficial.
By summarizing the military uses of UAS in Canada, this author will attempt to argue that in line with current democratic trends and global usage, the utilization of UAS by the Canadian military will expand in accordance with the current government‘s political commitments as outlined in the Canada First Defense Strategy. Further, by detailing the commercial UAS industry and the ways it can benefit key Canadian commercial sectors, this author will demonstrate that maintaining regulatory pace with UAS industry growth satisfies Canada‘s economic priorities as outlined in "Canada‘s Economic Action Plan".|