Acculturation and nutritional health of immigrants in Canada: a scoping review

Title: Acculturation and nutritional health of immigrants in Canada: a scoping review
Authors: Sanou, Dia
O'Reilly, Erin
Ngnie-Teta, Ismael
Batal, Malek
Mondain, Nathalie
Andrew, Caroline
Newbold, Bruce K
Bourgeault, Ivy L
Date: 2013-04-18
Abstract: Although recent immigrants to Canada are healthier than Canadian born (i.e., the Healthy Immigrant Effect), they experience a deterioration in their health status which is partly due to transitions in dietary habits. Since pathways to these transitions are under-documented, this scoping review aims to identify knowledge gaps and research priorities related to immigrant nutritional health. A total of 49 articles were retrieved and reviewed using electronic databases and a stakeholder consultation was undertaken to consolidate findings. Overall, research tends to confirm the Healthy Immigrant Effect and suggests that significant knowledge gaps in nutritional health persist, thereby creating a barrier to the advancement of health promotion and the achievement of maximum health equity. Five research priorities were identified including (1) risks and benefits associated with traditional/ethnic foods; (2) access and outreach to immigrants; (3) mechanisms and coping strategies for food security; (4) mechanisms of food choice in immigrant families; and (5) health promotion strategies that work for immigrant populations.
DOI: 10.1007/s10903-013-9823-7
CollectionLibre accès uOttawa - Publications // uOttawa Open Access - Publications
Sciences de la santé // Health Sciences