The prevalence of childhood obesity has been on the rise in North America. Recent studies have shown that there may be a correlation between SES and childhood obesity.
To conduct a structured literature review and determine whether there is a correlation between SES and obesity prevalence in children under eighteen years old living in North America.
Seven databases were searched through Ovid for studies that examined the relationship between childhood obesity and SES. The keywords used in the search strategy were childhood, obesity, and socioeconomic. This search generated twenty publications. The inclusion criteria consisted of studies conducted in North America and a population of children below the age of eighteen. From each of the articles, information about age criteria, data collection methods, and definitions for SES and obesity were extracted.
Six of the twenty research articles were found to meet inclusion criteria. Results show that children with low SES had a higher prevalence for obesity. Elementary school children were more affected by low SES than older children in the same situation.
Further investigation regarding the factors affecting SES should be undertaken to determine what can be done to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity. Through this research, new policies can be put in place to reduce the burden of low SES on children and their families, thereby reducing the prevalence of childhood obesity.|