The eIF4E2-Mediated Hypoxic Protein Synthesis Complex Permits Tumourigenesis in Several Genetically Distinct Cancers

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Title: The eIF4E2-Mediated Hypoxic Protein Synthesis Complex Permits Tumourigenesis in Several Genetically Distinct Cancers
Authors: Perera, Joseph Kishan Rex
Date: 2013
Abstract: Identifying exploitable differences between cancer cells and normal cells has been ongoing since the dawn of cancer therapeutics. This task has proven difficult due to the complex genetic makeup of cancers. Tumours, however, share a low oxygen (hypoxic) microenvironment that selects for malignant cancer cells. It has recently been shown that cells switch from eIF4E to eIF4E2-mediated protein synthesis during periods of hypoxia, similar to those found in tumour cores. We hypothesize that this hypoxic translation complex is required for cell survival in hypoxia and can be targeted by inhibiting the eIF4E2 cap-binding protein. Here, we show that genetically diverse cancer cells require the cap-binding protein eIF4E2 for their growth, proliferation, and resistance to apoptosis in hypoxia, but not in normoxia. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo eIF4E2-depleted tumour models cannot grow or sustain hypoxic regions without the reintroduction of exogenous eIF4E2. Thus, tumour cells could be targeted over somatic cells by selectively inhibiting their protein synthesis machinery, much like the function of antibiotics that revolutionized medicine.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/26198
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6691
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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