|Abstract: ||This research paper explores ways in which developed mining countries can contribute to sustainable mining development of less developed resource-rich countries. A descriptive study is made of Canada’s and Australia’s development initiatives in the countries where their mining companies operate. To do this, the paper constructs a framework of Sustainable Mining Development (SMD) against which the two country initiatives are measured.
This study suggests that while Australia’ Mining for Development initiative has chosen to put a bigger emphasis on working directly with other governments to support the development of host countries’ mining sector, Canada’ Building the Canadian Advantage initiative has chosen to work more closely with Canadian mining companies and NGOs.
Overall, both initiatives described in this study address certain challenges identified in the literature (section 1) and they are also aligned with the principles that define SMD. However their actions risk being too weak to have a significant impact in host countries and there are certain aspects of SMD that are ignored. While progressive capacity building of host countries’ mining industries has been expansively addressed by the Australian government (and to a limited extent by the Canadian government), there are many other challenges faced by developing mining countries that could be better addressed by both initiatives such as: promoting more revenue transparency and accountability in the industry, supporting host countries’ understanding of the costs and benefits of mining activities and, assisting in the development of mechanisms that ensure thorough compliance of mining regulations and monitoring of commitments and activities by foreign mining companies.|