Elite Capture in the Social Enterprise Sector: Examining the Impact of Community Wealth on Social Enterprise Funding in Western Canada’s Metropolitan Areas

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Title: Elite Capture in the Social Enterprise Sector: Examining the Impact of Community Wealth on Social Enterprise Funding in Western Canada’s Metropolitan Areas
Authors: Jevtovic, Nemanja
Date: 2013-09-09
Abstract: Social Enterprises are unique organizations, differentiated from for-profit firms and traditional nonprofits by their pursuit of social objectives through participation in the market. Although these organizations have existed in some shape or form for many years, the reorganization of the welfare state has had an important impact on Social Enterprises. One effect has been the increasing penetration of elites in the many types of Third Sector organizations. This paper outlines the Social Enterprise sector in Canada and finds some support for the existence of Elite Resource Capture in four major cities in Western Canada. Using Census data and survey data of Social Enterprises in Vancouver, Victoria, Edmonton and Calgary, different measures of community wealth are seen to positively correlate with the ability of Social Enterprises to obtain non-earned income sources such as grants, loans and donations. Additional positive correlations are found between the different measures of community wealth and measures of organizational strength, such as the age of Social Enterprises and their number of full-time employees. Three policies are suggested to ensure a better distribution on non-earned income sources across the sector.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/26073
CollectionAffaires publiques et internationales - Mémoires // Public and International Affairs - Research Papers
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