Drosophila Suppressor/Enhancer Screen to Identify Novel LRRK2 Interactors

Title: Drosophila Suppressor/Enhancer Screen to Identify Novel LRRK2 Interactors
Authors: Abuaish, Sameera
Date: 2013
Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder characterized by the loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. The mechanism by which these DA neurons die is still unclear and under investigation. Although mostly idiopathic, about 10% of PD cases have shown familial inheritance. Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), a large multi-domain protein with unknown physiological and pathological roles, have been linked to PD cases of autosomal dominant inheritance. A PD Drosophilamelanogaster model over expressing the human LRRK2(I2020T) kinase mutant using the GAL4/UAS system has shown a loss of DA neurons and locomotor deficiency. Additionally, ectopic overexpression of human LRRK2 in the eye caused a damaged eye phenotype characterized by roughness of the surface, loss of pigmentation and presence of black lesions (Venderova Ket. al., 2009). The presence of this identifiable eye phenotype has allowed us to perform a suppressor/enhancer screen to identify possible genetic interactors of LRRK2. The LRRK2(I2020T) transgenic flies were crossed with genomic deficiency lines and the eye phenotype screened for either suppression or enhancement. Twenty-two genes, which are implicated in a variety of biological processes, have been identified thus far. Fourteen of these 22 interacting genes were assessed in the DA neurons of the D.melanogaster model. This functional screen is a rapid method to provide us with potential genetic interactions between LRRK2 and other genes, which will in turn, aid in elucidating the functional role of LRRK2 in PD pathology.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/24384
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -