|Abstract: ||Australia has been experiencing significant immigrant employment outcomes than Canada. There is, however, a dearth of research on whether the immigrant language programs in these two countries contribute to these employment outcomes. This paper discusses the significance of investments in immigrant language programs in Canada and Australia. A comparison of the main immigrant language programs in both countries suggests that differences in the quantity, structure, scope, and funding of language programs in Australia provide an alternative explanation for the superior employment outcomes that Australia experiences over Canada. Despite the fact that the majority of immigrants to Australia and Canada are motivated to acquire and upgrade their language skills for employment, the research illustrates that the income supplements/training allowances offered by the Australian government provide the additional incentive needed for immigrants to learn the country’s official language. This, coupled with the existence of several complementary employment-related programs, place Australian immigrants in a better position to succeed compared to their Canadian counterparts. The success of Australia’s immigrant language programs offer lessons for Canadian policy makers.
Key words: immigrants, language proficiency, language programs, employment outcomes|