Effects of ankle and hip muscle fatigue on postural sway and attentional demands during unipedal stance

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Title: Effects of ankle and hip muscle fatigue on postural sway and attentional demands during unipedal stance
Authors: Bisson, Etienne J.
McEwen, Daniel
Lajoie, Yves
Bilodeau, Martin
Date: 2011
Abstract: The effect of muscle fatigue on quiet standing is equivocal, including its duration/recovery and whether it leads to an increase in attentional demands. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of ankle and hip muscle fatigue on postural sway and simple reaction time during a unipedal task. Two groups of 14 young adults (mean age = 22.50 3.23) had to stand on their dominant leg for 30-s trials before and after fatigue of hip or ankle flexors and extensors. Half of the unipedal trials were performed in a dual-task condition where subjects, in addition to standing, had to respond verbally to an auditory stimulus. Sway area, and sway variability and velocity in the AP and ML planes were calculated using center of pressure data obtained from a force platform. Voice reaction time was recorded seated and during the dual-task condition to assess attentional demands. A main effect of fatigue was found for AP sway variability (p = 0.027), AP sway velocity (p = 0.017) and ML sway velocity (p = 0.004). Both groups showed increased sway velocity in both directions and in reaction time during the dual-task condition (p < 0.001), but reaction time did not increase with fatigue. A group by fatigue interaction was found significant for ML sway velocity (p = 0.043). Results suggest that hip and ankle fatigue affected postural control in the fatigued plane (AP) but only hip fatigue affected postural control in the non-fatigued plane (ML sway velocity). However, fatigue did not lead to an increase in attentional demands and increased AP and ML sway velocity had recovered within 30 min.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/24032
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0966636210002808
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.10.001
CollectionLibre accès uOttawa - Publications // uOttawa Open Access - Publications
Sciences de l’activité physique // Human Kinetics
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